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11:58 p.m. 29.03.16

The Temple of Kalabsha

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The Temple of Kalabsha is found near Lake Nasser, close to the western end of Aswan High Dam. It was committed to the God Mandulis.

The Temple of Kalabsha (Temple of Mandulis) is an Ancient Egyptian sanctuary that was initially situated at Bab al-Kalabsha (Gate of Kalabsha), roughly 50 km south of Aswan. The sanctuary was arranged on the west bank of the Nile River, in Nubia, and was initially worked around 30 BC amid the early Roman time.

With the development of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s, the sanctuary, which was initially found 50 km south of Aswan, was undermined with submersion under the rising waters of the repository (Lake Nasser). In a German-financed operation, it was dismantled and reproduced at its present area.

Worked as a tribute to the Lower Nubian sun god, Mandulis, Temple of Kalabsha is one of Egypt's various old and memorable structures and a prime destination for explorers hoping to venture once again into the nation's unfathomable past. Worked amid the standard of Augustus around 30 BC, Kalabsh is known for its elaborate stone carvings and antiquated records engraved on the sanctuary dividers. The sanctuary was moved to its present area at New Kalabsha in 1970 and is in close closeness to the Kiosk of Qertassi and Beit al-Wali.

The name "Kalabsha" alludes to the first site of the sanctuary before it was moved. While the sanctuary was developed in Augustus' rule, it was never wrapped up. The sanctuary was a tribute to Mandulis (Merul), a Lower Nubian sun god. It was built over a before asylum of Amenhotep II.

The sanctuary is 76 m long and 22 m wide in measurement. While the structure dates to the Roman period, it highlights numerous fine reliefs, for example, a fine cutting of Horus rising up out of reeds on the inward drape mass of the sanctuary. From Kalabsha's asylum chambers, a staircase paves the way to the top of the sanctuary where one can see an amazing perspective of the sanctuary itself and the sacrosanct lake.

A few verifiable records were engraved on the sanctuary dividers of Kalabsha, for example, a long engraving cut by the Roman Governor Aurelius Besarion in AD 250, restricting pigs in the sanctuary and in addition an engraving of the Nubian ruler Silko, cut amid the fifth century and recording his triumph over the Blemmyes and a photo of him dressed as a Roman warrior on horseback. Silko was the Christian lord of the Nubian kingdom of Nobatia.

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